Impact of Subsidized School Funding on Infrastructure Development in Public Secondary Schools in Sabatia Sub-County, Vihiga County - Kenya

Mbayah, J.T
Mount Kenya University,
Department of Educational Administration and Management;
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Maende, J.B2
Maseno University,
Department of Educational Management and Foundations;
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Abstract

The Jomtien conference in 1990 and the Dakar Declaration of 2000 have provided the benchmark for countries to improve their secondary education to realize education for all goals.  In this regard, the Kenyan government in 2008 began subsidized Secondary education. The purpose of this study therefore was to establish the role of subsidized secondary school funding programme in enhancing infrastructural development in Sabatia Sub-County. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population included 28 Principals, 28 Directors of studies, 630 Form 3 students, parents, one Sub-County Education Officer and the Chairman of the Sub-County Education Board. Stratified, purposive and simple random samplings were used to sample the respondents. A total of 248 respondents formed the sample size.  The study utilized questionnaire, interview schedule, Focus Group Discussion, and observation guide as instruments for data collection. A pilot study was conducted in two selected schools to enable the researcher to strengthen the reliability and validity of the data collection instruments. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Predictive analysis software (PASW) was used to compute  means, percentages and frequencies. Data was presented in the form of frequency tables, pie charts and bar graphs. The study established that: higher enrollment of students in the schools caused the need to construct additional classrooms and dormitories. The Government disbursed funds late due to bureaucracy. Dormitories, classrooms and pit latrines in the schools were inadequate as reported by over 71.00% of the Directors of studies; The Government subsidized funding was inadequate to cater for infrastructural development projects such as building of more classrooms and dormitories as indicated by all Principals. The status of the Dining halls and Libraries was good at mean ratings of over 3.50 while that of Pit latrines in the schools was poor at a mean rating of below 2.50; The Government should allocate more funds to cater for infrastructural development in the schools.

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